- 30 April 2020
- 12 min read
My guide to working as a Mental Health Nurse in a private nursing home for dementia patients
Mental Health Nurse, Inga Farafontova, gives an in depth guide to her job in Mental Health Nursing, and outlines some of the differences between working in hospitals and care homes.
Topics covered in this article
How we're paid and how it's determined
According to statistics about the nursing labour market, about 25% of nurses choose work in a private firm or business, including care homes.
Mental Health Nursing in a care home is normally paid from £12.50/hour to £15.50/hour and depends on many factors.
• Your current position and experience - The salary will increase as you progress from a newly qualified nurse, to a senior nurse or even Nurse Leader moreover with the salary growing, you will be expected to take on more responsibilities.
• Location of the workplace also plays a big role, it is not a secret that across the UK some country towns and cities offer better wages while urban areas are poorly paid.
• Health care providers that have a number of care homes around the UK tend to have a slightly better pay for nursing job than the providers that only own one care home, as they try usually to keep the staff salary to minimum.
• Also depending on the type of care home. It could be a nursing home with 24 hour nursing care and it’s usually looking for more skilled nurses. Some luxury care homes can pay more but may have higher demands for the candidate on this job role.
Interview questions and how they can vary between hospitals and care homes
When you are looking for a job and you’re expecting an interview in a care home, don’t expect the same questions which you may get in the job interview in a hospital.
It is very low probability they will discuss with you any scientific definitions, most likely they will give you a real life case and analyze your answer.
• What will you do if a relative notices clothes that belong to their Mum or Dad on another resident? In care home, it is a very possible situation with such easily forgetful dementia patients.
• What do you do if a relative complains about a lost pair of new shoes that they have just brought in yesterday?
• What you have to do if a patient is getting agitated, but refuses his PRN medication?
• What should your action be as a nurse if some resident complaints about care staff.
• Are you able to create a suitable care plan for a patient with aggressive behavior?
• How do you cope with client who is seeking for a open gate and wants to leave home right now, banging on the door and shouting?
My advice to you is to think carefully and use your logic when answering these questions.
Some answers are linked to the current policy of care home, some to the mental capacity act and it would be a good idea to refresh your knowledge by looking into legislation about mental health.
Also, if you have never been in a care home (especially if the elderly people there have mental health problems) I would highly recommend to go there first as a visitor.
Ask your friends if they have a grandma or an old aunt in there, go with them to visit and speak with the staff and other residents around you.
Working in the NHS vs Working in a care home
I can only say that there are some advantages and disadvantages in both jobs, but work in a hospital is definitely more regulated.
You are usually given a schedule that would last you a month or two and that allows you to plan your appointments/events easier.
In a private sector you have much more flexible hours, and its easy to take your holiday.
But I have an experience when the only time I knew that my shift was coming up was a week before the shift.
But even then the schedule could suddenly changes.
You have more opportunities to meet other colleagues and healthcare professionals as hospital can give you new friendships.
In a hospital or specialised units made for people with mental health problems such psychiatric intensive care units, you are more likely to meet patients with aggressive and dangerous behaviour.
So you should be physically fit enough and ready that you can face life-threatening situations.
It is quite expected that you will acquire new skills while working in a hospital, and especially clinical skills because of a large flow of patients coming in with different conditions and needs.
If we are talking about the money, there is no significant difference between a job in a hospital and in a care home.
A newly qualified nurse (band 5) is paid around £23,000 in a year and the number is increasing with every year. You can grow to Senior Nurse with a Band 6 or 7 and you can get approximately £29,000.
But as I said, with the salary growing you may need to be able to coordinate all ward work.
You can find residential places that will pay more, but as a worker in a NHS system, you probably will get more benefits with taxes and a better secured pension.
Work in a hospital could be more challenging and more intensive, and you definitely will be more of a “busy bee” working there.
If we are talking about a care home.
I like the fact that I can work with one patient for a very long time.
It gives me a chance to establish a bond with them and their relatives find out about patient’s personality traits and nature of their behaviour.
Sometimes we receive patients after their discharge from the hospital in a very poor condition.
They often experienced shock that they have been admitted there.
Sometimes they refuse to eat and drink and resist personal care, are uncooperative with the staff and are angry with their relatives.
Of course, this is also true that they usually are admitted to the hospital in their acute stage and come to us when they are physically and mentally more stable.
And even I know that dementia is not a reversible disease and there is no cure, but I still feel satisfaction when after all efforts from me and my colleagues, our residents start to look better, seem more happy, start to eat, communicate and gain weight.
I like this work in a team with other more experienced nurses with care staff and our GP - a Doctor, who seems to me like a genius in a place of work with elderly mentally sick people with underlying physical problems which are difficult to recognise as most of the patients can’t verbalize what they feel.
And this what I like about my job.
What qualifications are required for Mental Health Nursing?
It would be silly to associate dementia only with mental health issues.
Usually dementia patients need solving of multiple health issues (such as malnutrition, choking, immobility, pressure sore, falls risk).
For this reason, care homes for elderly people with dementia usually gladly offer you with job if you are RMN (Registered Mental Health Nurse) with some skills of a general nurse.
You should know how to do a dressing according to a dressing protocol, take care of the patients with urine catheter or stoma, be able to manage diabetic patients, and adapt the care plan for patients with COPD and etc.
And vice versa - care homes happily meet a RGN (Registered General Nurse) who is trained in dementia care and be able to create correct care plans, assess patient’s mental stage and risks related, has understanding of problems associated to different types of dementia, as well as ability to manage dementia patients with behaviour difficulty.
A three year degree in university will equip you the skills and knowledge needed for work in the nursing field, and during your training, you will get lots of opportunities to discover work in different sites and choose the work that is right for you.
How to find a right place for you
What is good in this profession is that you will always find a workplace.
If we have a look at the statistics about this market, it is shows that now across the UK, there are 11,300 functioning registered care homes with around 454,000 beds.
To understand the dynamics, looking at the past can present some perspective into this market.
A typical day on duty.
At this workplace, no two days are the same.
You never know what you will meet at work and what will happen on duty.
It could be a resident has died or there has been new a admission.
Someone who has an improvement after long lasting illness or someone has sudden deterioration.
Intended residents BBQ party or invitation to funeral, sorrows and joys.
Mornings are extremely important.
Staff are talking between each other during handover with the first cups of coffee.
We are planning our day, listening to complaints, sharing and discussing, it is cross-checking information between outgoing personnel and incoming team.
Which one of the residents were very quiet and sleepy, who did not eat lunch the previous day, who has stopped walking, who has had behavior problems, medication changes, which hoist needs checking, how many sick balls are there left.
Assessments and home visits, hospital appointments and doctor rounds, no detail is too small or insignificant in this business.
A nurse should be able to coordinate team and ensure all function well.
If we compare care home with a ship at sea, you would find that a nurse (although she’s not the captain) would definitely be at the helm.
Once handover is complete the medication round can begin.
Basically, care homes are having five medication rounds.
Early morning, morning, lunch, teatime and night rounds.
Day nurses are responsible for morning, lunch and evening rounds.
Also some medication to be administer in specific time between rounds.
Medication - is a key element for the emotional, mental and physical wellbeing of residents.
Even given on time painkiller such as tablet of paracetamol can impact on further behavior during the day.
Dementia patients sometimes can’t understand and verbalize where the pain is, pain perception is working differently in them, he/she will just become distressed and even agitated.
So pain management is a highly demanded skill for a nurse working in a care home.
After all, pain (chronic or acute) has affecting more than 50% of elderly people living in a residential or nursing homes.
After medication round has been done it is a time for paperwork.
Care plans, nutrition charts, vital observation, assessments, letters.
You need to be smart in how you work because a new medication round coming soon.
It is hard to describe, all nursing has its busy days.
I can just say on average on a 12 hour shift, nurses walk four to five miles and that is truly fact, I checked this by myself.
This is why comfortable shoes are very important!
In addition, I can say I still have passion for my work despite all the difficulties, I think it is a special career which can give satisfaction in your life.
Even with technology growing, I do not think a robot could replace a human nurse.